This chapter may be cited as the Higher Education Coordinating Act of The legislature finds and declares that the state can achieve its full economic and social potential only if every individual has the opportunity to contribute to the full extent of the individual's capabilities and only when financial barriers to the individual's economic, social, and educational goals are removed. In order to facilitate the removal of those barriers, the board, in consultation with one or more nonprofit entities with experience providing the services on a statewide basis, may provide necessary and desirable services related to financial aid services, including cooperative awareness efforts with appropriate educational and civic associations designed to disseminate postsecondary education awareness information, including information regarding available grant and loan programs and the prevention of student loan default.
Any function or power not expressly granted to the board by this code or other law in regard to the administration, organization, control, management, jurisdiction, or governance of an institution of higher education is reserved to and shall be performed by the governing board of the institution, the applicable system administration, or the institution of higher education. Acts62nd Leg. Amended by Acts70th Leg.
June 20, Acts83rd Leg. September 1, Austin State University; Sul Ross State University; Angelo State University; The University of Texas at Tyler; and any other college, university, or institution so classified as provided in this chapter or created and so classified, expressly or impliedly, by law. Excluded are auxiliary enterprise buildings and facilities, including but not limited to dormitories, cafeterias, student union buildings, stadiums, and alumni centers, used solely for those purposes.
Section ; and. Amended by Acts63rd Leg. June 15, ; Acts68th Leg. June 20, ; Acts70th Leg. May 15, ; Acts71st Leg. June 14, ; Acts71st Leg. May 19, ; Acts75th Leg.
May 23, ; Acts76th Leg. June 18, ; Acts76th Leg. June 18, ; Acts78th Leg. Acts80th Leg. June 15, Acts81st Leg. June 19, Acts82nd Leg. June 17, May 18, Acts86th Leg. May 1, May 29, June 7, June 10, It shall have its office in Austin.The provisions of this Chapter 4 adopted January 15,effective January 16,29 Pa.
Cross References. This chapter cited in 22 Pa. Statutory authority. The statutory authority for this chapter is the School Code. The purpose of this chapter is to establish rigorous academic standards and assessments, applicable only to the public schools in this Commonwealth, to facilitate the improvement of student achievement and to provide parents and communities a measure by which school performance can be determined.
Immediately preceding text appears at serial page The purpose of the Committee is to develop the criteria for the local validation process and criteria for selection of approved validation entities.
The standards define the knowledge and skills students should have within their K education careers so that they will graduate high school able to succeed in entry-level, credit-bearing academic college courses and in work-force training programs.
The Committee is composed of up to two representatives each from the Department, Board, Pennsylvania State Education Association, American Federation of Teachers-Pennsylvania and up to four additional members who are jointly selected by the Committee.
Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages to This section cited in 22 Pa. General policies. To protect the validity and integrity of the State assessments, each school entity shall have in place procedures to be followed when parents or guardians request to view any State assessment.
Procedures must be consistent with guidance provided by the Department in its assessment administration instructions. If upon inspection of a State assessment parents or guardians find the assessment to be in conflict with their religious belief and wish their students to be excused from the assessment, the right of the parents or guardians will not be denied upon written request that states the objection to the applicable school district superintendent, charter school chief executive officer or AVTS director.
Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages to and Cross Refenences. Purpose of public education. In conjunction with families and other community institutions, public education prepares students to become self-directed, life-long learners and responsible, involved citizens. Courses, instructional units or interdisciplinary studies of varying lengths of time may be taught. Academic standards. Study of the natural world and facts, principles, theories and laws in the areas of biology, chemistry, physics and earth sciences.
Technology is the application of science to enable societal development, including food and fiber production, manufacturing, building, transportation and communication. Science and technology share the use of the senses, science processes, inquiry, investigation, analysis and problem solving strategies. Understanding the components of ecological systems and their interrelationships with social systems and technologies.
These components incorporate the disciplines of resource management, agricultural diversity, government and the impact of human actions on natural systems. This interaction leads to the study of watersheds, threatened and endangered species, pest management and the development of laws and regulations.
Study of the record of human experience including important events; interactions of culture, race and ideas; the nature of prejudice; change and continuity in political systems; effects of technology; importance of global-international perspectives; and the integration of geography, economics and civics studies on major developments in the history of the Commonwealth, the United States and the world.
Study of relationships among people, places and environments, of geographic tools and methods, characteristics of place, concept of region and physical processes. Study of United States constitutional democracy, its values and principles, study of the Constitution of the Commonwealth and government including the study of principles, operations and documents of government, the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, how governments work and international relations.
Study of how individuals and societies choose to use resources to produce, distribute and consume goods and services. Knowledge of how economies work, economic reasoning and basic economic concepts, economic decision making, economic systems, the Commonwealth and the United States economy and international trade. Study of dance, theatre, music, visual arts, language and literature including forms of expression, historical and cultural context, critical and aesthetic judgment and production, performance or exhibition of work.
Understanding career options in relationship to individual interests, aptitudes and skills including the relationship between changes in society, technology, government and economy and their effect on individuals and careers.We have compiled all of the worksheets used in this course. You can print them yourself or purchase them bound in book form. These are NOT a full offline course, just the worksheets used in this online course.
Levels — 1st through 4th. Levels — 5th through 8th. Course Description: Students will study early American history from the early explorers through the Civil War. Students will engage with readings and videos as they learn about the events and leaders of the time period. Students will demonstrate their knowledge in a variety of ways, including through lapbooks, journal writing, and worksheets, as well as by writing newspaper articles on events and people in history.
Students will also read current event news throughout the year. Older students also study the Salem Witch Trials. Level Welcome to your first day of school!
I wanted to give you one important reminder before you begin. Many of your lessons below have an internet link for you to click on. When you go to the different internet pages for your lessons, please DO NOT click on anything else on that page except what the directions tell you to. DO NOT click on any advertisements or games. DO NOT click on anything that takes you to a different website.
Just stay focused on your lesson and then close that window and you should be right back here for the next lesson. Lesson 23 optional materials for Levels cardboard might come in handy, popsicle sticks, toothpicks, or just sticks. This Country of Ours chapters With Wolfe in Canada Henty. Optional Reading: You have a long time to work on these, 40 days.The following minimum number of overs must be scheduled, and there must be an official result (Duckworth-Lewis counts) otherwise all bets are void, unless settlement of bets is already determined.
Test and County Championship Matches - The whole match counts. In drawn matches there must be a minimum of 200 overs bowled. Prices will be offered for the total runs scored during the 1st over of the match. Extras and penalty runs will be included. The over must be completed for bets to stand unless settlement is already determined. The following minimum number of overs must be scheduled, and there must be an official result (Duckworth - Lewis counts) otherwise all bets are void, unless settlement is already determined.
Test and First Class Matches - The whole match counts. Prices will be offered on which team creates the most run-outs whilst fielding. If a match is abandoned due to outside interference then all bets will be void unless settlement is already determined. If a match is reduced in overs and a match result is reached then the team who effected most run-outs whilst fielding regardless of the amount of overs bowled will be the winners.
In matches determined by a Super-Over any run out during the Super-Over will not count for settlement purposes. In Test and First Class Matches all innings of the match will count. Prices will be offered for the number of runs scored during the 1st innings of the match, regardless of which team bats first. The following minimum number of overs must be scheduled otherwise all bets are void, unless settlement is already determined.
Test and First Class Matches - Declarations will be considered the end of an innings for settlement purposes. In the event of the 1st innings being forfeited all bets will be void.
In the event of an innings not being completed due to outside interference or inclement weather all bets will be void unless settlement is already determined. If a match is abandoned due to outside interference then all bets will be void, unless settlement is already determined.
In Test and County Championship matches, the whole match counts. In drawn games a minimum of 200 overs must be bowled, otherwise bets void, unless settlement of bets is already determined. In Twenty20 matches the match must be scheduled for the full 20 overs and there must be an official result unless settlement of bets is already determined.
In One Day matches where the number of overs has been reduced and the outcome has not already been determined then bets will be void. In matches decided by a Super-Over, sixes hit during the Super-Over will not count for settlement purposes. In One Day matches both teams must face at least 40 overs each, otherwise bets void, unless settlement of bets is already determined.
History — Early American
If both teams do not complete the stated number of overs due to external factors or adverse weather then bets will be void, unless settlement is already determined. In the event of a tie, bets will be void. Bets will stand on the official result. A minimum of 200 overs must be bowled in the match unless settlement is already determined, otherwise bets will be void.
If an innings ends during an over then that over will be deemed to be complete unless the innings is ended due to inclement weather in which case all bets will be void. Bets will be void if the run count is Zero for a specified Over. Both players must reach the crease for bets to stand. Settlement is based on the official score(s) of the specified batsman. Any quoted player, who takes no part in the specified series, will be void (market may be subject to a Rule 4 (Deduction)).
In the event of two or more players ending on an equal number of wickets, then the bowler with the least number of runs conceded will be the winner.
In matches affected by adverse weather bets will be governed by the official competition rules with the following exception: if a match is decided on either a bowl out or the toss of a coin then all bets will be void. Where no price is quoted for the tie and the official competition rules do not determine a winner then Dead-Heat rules will apply, in competitions where a bowl out or super over determines a winner then bets will be settled on the official result.
The result of a match is a tie when the scores are equal at the conclusion of play, but only if the side batting last has completed its innings (i.
If a match is abandoned due to outside interference then bets will be void unless a winner is declared based on the official competition rules. In the event of a change of opponent from the one advertised then all bets for that match are void.Each location we visited was different yet beautiful.
We look forward to planning another vacation through Nordic Visitor. I am generally accustomed to making my own travel arrangements via the internet, but due to time constraints I decided to choose a travel agent to take care of things for me. From the first questions to the last, Alexandra at NV was fantastic. She arranged everything as we requested it for our custom tour of the Westfjords of Iceland.
She even rearranged accommodations at the last minute at our request and did so graciously and kindly. We fell in love with Iceland and will treasure our visit there for years to come. If we decided to visit another country serviced by Nordic Visitor Tours, we will once again call on Alex and her team. Would highly recommend these tours to other people. All information provided was very helpful. She laid out every detail of the trip, provided maps and location of hotels and ferry's we were to cross, and told us what to expect at every stage of the trip.
She then followed up while we were traveling to make sure everything was going good. Her selection of hotels was terrific. This was one of the best trips we have taken and Kolbrun is the best representative with a tour group we have used. We have just returned from a wonderful 15 day tour of Iceland planned by Nordic Visitor. Our agent's name is Alexandra. She was always responsive to the huge number of questions I asked her when planning the trip.
Her patience is commendable. Once Alexandra zeroed in on my love for Puffins, and birds in general, she tailored a wonderful 12 day trip circumnavigating Iceland. We saw so much beauty in Iceland that it is difficult to describe. She also arranged fantastic places for us to stay, starting at the Center Hotel Arnarhvoll in Reykjavik.
The information and map were well documented with our route outlined in green and our hotel name and night put in orange. It was very easy to follow her suggested route and we had a full set of vouchers for each place we stayed, including a gift of the thermal pools in the Lake Myvatn area. My biggest concern was distance between places as it is difficult to plan how long we could stay in one spot before moving on. She worked the kilometers out and gave us an approximate time frame to reach the next destination.
That helped with adding or eliminating the amount of stops we could make. My only regret is having too few days in Iceland as well as several "down days" where we didn't feel like we had to move on so often.Hotel staff were always helpful. The range of accommodation from former boarding schools to new hotels was interesting in itself and the variety added to the tour.
The meals provided were excellent and high quality. There was also a delicious variety of food. Our guide was possibly the best guide I have ever had on a guided tour.
He shared with us his enormous knowledge of Iceland and made every effort to provide us with an understanding of the geology, history and social development of Iceland. He had a great sense of humour and was kind and caring to everyone. I felt that the organisation by Nordic Visitor was excellent both before and during the tour.
There was always someone on the telephone to answer queries before I arrived in Iceland. There was a small change to our itinerary and great efforts were made to compensate for that with an extra evening meal and additional visit to a small farm as well as a trip on a trawler in the Western Fjords.
These were much appreciated. My friend Lesley Hallett and I visited the Nordic Visitor Office in Reykjavik after our tour and were delighted to meet some of the staff. We recorded a short video of some of our immediate reactions to the tour.
This was the first time I have used a travel company to plan and book our vacation. The process was very easy. It was well worth it. Our travel consultant, Helga G. The itinerary was detailed and made it very easy for us to plan our day. The Welcome packet we received provided excellent information about various attractions. The highlighted map that was provided was very handy in helping us find our way and manage our time.
Even the people that transported us from the hotel to the airport were prompt and friendly. I never felt I had to worry about something going wrong with the travel plans. A year ago, we had used Nordic to book a trip to Iceland.
We enjoyed our travels in the country so much and had such an outstanding experience with Nordic that we used them again this year to book a trip to visit part of the country that we didn't see last year. We're already thinking of a return trip for next year--and will, of course, use Nordic again.
We thoroughly appreciated and enjoyed our guide's knowledge and expertise. Brian was extremely informative, patient, and entertaining. He was very considerate of the fact that we were 2 active but older women.
He was also very kind to other travellers who realized he was a guide and would stop him to ask advice. Although this was to be my only trip to Scotland, thanks to his influence and fascinating instruction on the Highlands and Highlanders, I know I need to see more. I would let Nordic Visitor give more advice on the tour must sees.By reading horoscopes for your sun sign, the native can find away everything you need to know about the occasions predicted for the day ahead.
Meaningful insights can be gained into your love life, career, financing and health aspects. The stars foretell your future and the horoscope is the best guide that you will need to plan your time in advance. The positions of the planets are studied, and based on this, assistance is provided to the native to understand what certain planetary positions indicate and how they will impact the near future course of life.
The zodiac signs form the basis of astrological forecasts in the most popular form of astrology that is practiced worldwide. These types of 12 zodiac signs permit a native to understand, absorb and seek assistance about what possibilities watch for him or her in the future.
A horoscope may also be referenced to as an figura chart, an astrological graph and or chart or a star graph and or chart, etc. John Abraham burst into the Bollywood scenario with the murder mystery Jism and immediately caught the attention of almost everyone with his drop dead good looks and his portrayal of a passionate lover.
He had kind of an average outing after Jism until he was spotted by the Yash Raj Films camp for the action thriller, Dhoom. The movie soon became his most famous venture till date and catapulted Jo. Aries Weekly Horoscope With the sun in Scorpio, there may be tension in your life. The lesson of Scorpio is to learn to let go of anything that does not serve you such as resentment o Read More. Aries Monthly Horoscope With the sun in Scorpio until the 14th, your confidence is not at its highest.
You are encouraged to focus on your career. As an action-oriented sign, taking pr Read More. Taurus Daily Horoscope As Moon makes its presence felt in Virgo, you will be ushered with a lot of good luck in everything you do.
This will keep you happy and cheerful throughout the Read More. Taurus Weekly Horoscope The sun in Scorpio continues to put the focus on your love life.
Scorpio brings what is hidden to the surface and is not afraid to dig deep. As such, you may le Read More. Taurus Monthly Horoscope Taurus, you start this month with the sun in Scorpio. Scorpio is always seeking out the depth and it tends to find the areas where we are the most sensitive, wh Read More. Gemini Daily Horoscope Today is a day where you will be very creative and do something new and innovative at work as the Moon's position in Virgo is favorable for you.
You will receiv Read More. Gemini Weekly Horoscope The sun in Scorpio is keeping you on a good trajectory as it keeps you focused. A focused Gemini is able to apply all of their brilliance and enthusiasm and cha Read More. Gemini Monthly Horoscope With the sun in Scorpio, you remain on the right trajectory. Scorpio brings focus and direction to your life, which you may otherwise lack. Romantically, life i Read More.